Proctology is a branch of medicine that deals with the structure and diseases of the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon. The sector of surgery that deals with diseases of the rectum and colon are proctology surgical medicine. Coloproctology involves traditional methods of treatment and minimally invasive surgeries.

Common diseases treated by a proctologist include:

  • Crohn’s disease
  • Colon polyps
  • Constipation
  • Haemorrhoids
  • Diverticulitis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Anal fissures
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Colorectal cancer

Symptoms you need to see a proctologist:

  • Rectal pain
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Mucus and pus from the anus
  • Constipation
  • Bowel difficulty
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhea

The symptoms of various rectal and colon diseases are similar but may appear diverse. The main characteristics of lesions of the colon or rectum may be constipation, rectal bleeding during bowel movements and diarrhea. The most common disease of the anus is hemorrhoid.

Treatment involves both surgical and non-surgical methods. These days, non-surgical or laser treatment is widely used for various anorectal problems. In a broad way, proctology covers various rectum and colon examinations:

  • External examination
  • Rectal examination
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Ultrasound of abdominal cavity
  • X-ray and endoscopic examination

Proctologists carry out corrective colorectal surgeries to mend the colon, rectum or anus. They execute surgeries which may involve the removal of a portion of organs or the removal of entire organs like the gallbladder.

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